Connecting to the University Web Server
There are two ways to connect to the University Web server to upload and edit web pages; one is by using an FTP client and second by mapping a website as a network drive. Both methods require you to have the following:
- An active UNIX account.
- The destination path for the web directory hosting your site.
- Write permissions to upload and save files to the destination web directory on the server. Users who get a "permission denied" error while attempting to upload or edit files do not have adequate permissions to the destination directory and should contact the Web Administrator.
If you submitted a request for a web space, but don't know the destination path, contact the Web Administrator with the website's web address (URL), website name, your name and title (i.e. student, faculty, dean, chair, etc.). Learn more about requesting a web space. How to determine a destination path from a URL.
Mapping a Web Directory
Mapping allows users to access a website on the web server as if it were one of the drives on their computer (i.e., G:\ drive). This gives users the ability to view, organize, and manipulate the contents of their web directory as if it were content in a regular folder on their computer. Faculty and staff that have an on-campus computer connected to the academic network, or connect to the campus network from home via VPN, have this option. Otherwise users will need to use an FTP client to transfer files to and from the web server in order to add content or make edits.
Connecting to a Web Folder on Instructional1 (Faculty)
Faculty can connect to their web directory on Instructional1 by creating a Web Folder connection. Web folders allow you to modify the content on a server as if it were in a folder on your own computer.
Visit the following pages for instructions:
- Web Folder Connection Using MAC OS X
- Web Folder Connection Using Windows XP
- Web Folder Connection Using Windows Vista or 7
The most common method for transferring files to the web server is to use an FTP (File Transfer Protocol) client. To transfer files using this method, you must have a FTP client installed on your computer and you must use your UNIX username and password. WS_FTP, SSH Secure FTP, and Fetch are FTP clients that have been included in the Desktop Services Software. Instructions for using SSH Secure FTP (PDF), and Fetch are available.
The following may vary slightly according to the particular FTP client being used, but these steps should apply for most FTP clients when connecting to the University web server (www.calstatela.edu).
- Launch the FTP application.
- Type in the name of your NIS home server as the host name (e.g., mars.calstatela.edu, sol.calstatela.edu, neptune.calstatela.edu, etc.).
- Type your UNIX username and password into their appropriate fields.
- Make sure that the Transfer Protocol is set to Auto-detect or Binary.
- Connect to the server by clicking on the OK, Connect, or Run button (will vary by FTP client).
- Once you are logged onto the server, most FTP interfaces will show two panels, one panel that displays the directory structure of the remote server (the web server) and another panel that displays the directory structure of your local hard drive (i.e., C:\ drive). Change the remote directory to your website's web directory path (i.e., /www/www/faculty/userid).
- Using the panel that shows your local hard drive, browse and locate the files that you would like to upload to the server.
- Once you have selected the files on your local drive, transfer the files to the remote directory by dragging and dropping those files from the local panel to the remote panel, or by clicking on the Upload or Copy button (again, method will vary by FTP client).
- Remember to disconnect once you have finished transferring your files.
How Directory Paths Relate to a Website's URL
When you are provided with the path to a web directory by the web administrator,
the path will look similar to the following:
/www/www/ is the web directory root that corresponds to the URL:
http://www.calstatela.edu. Thus, the path in the example above would correspond
to the following URL:
If you place 3 HTML pages with the names of index.htm, first.htm, and second.htm in the /www/www/faculty/jdoe directory, you can reference them through a web browser by using the following URL's respectively:
Please note that although the first URL example above does not explicitly reference the filename index.htm, anyone who types in that URL will get the correct web page (http://www.calstatela.edu/faculty/jdoe/index.htm). This is due to the fact that whenever a user calls a URL that terminates with a directory name, the server automatically displays an index.htm or index.html file by default if the file exists in the directory.