Phil 327 Midterm Fall 2011
Total = 60 points
Part One: True/False and Multiple Choice. Total = 12 points.
(1) “The Game” refers to (A) “The Battle of the Sexes”; (B) The way in which we are “socially programmed” as children; (C) The current social arrangements as structured by implicit cultural rules; (D) None of the above
(2) By the end of the Euthyphro, Socrates has successful defined “piety” (true/false).
(3) Socrates has been charged with (A) corrupting the youth; (B) annoying people; (C) corrupting the youth by teaching against the old gods; (D) acting like a know-it-all.
(4) Fausto-Sterling defines a ‘merm’ as a (A) male pseudohermaphrodite; (B) female pseudohermaphrodite; (C) “true” male pseudohermaphrodite; (D) all of the above
(5) Fausto-Sterling recommends: (A) No unnecessary (cosmetic) surgery on intersex infants; (B) Physicians should assign a PROVISIONAL SEX (based on likelihood that the child will have the corresponding gender identity); (C) Physicians should provide full-disclosure and counseling; (D) None of the above; (E) All of the above.
(6) Hale argues that Wittig is correct in believing that lesbians are not women (true/false).
(7) According to Anderson, “Biological Essentialism” is the view that sex is a biological feature that can be studied (true/false).
(8) According to Frye, a double bind is (A) a damned if you do, damned if you don’t situation; (B) a hallmark of oppression; (C) something that every person in “the game” experiences; (D) A and B; (E) A and C
(9) Bartky argues that women are subject to modern “disciplining” power with the respect to (A) The body itself; (C) The movements of the body; (C) the ornamentation of the body; (D) none of the above; (E) All of the above.
(10) According to Crenshaw, we should focus on only one “axis of oppression” at a time (otherwise, the issues get too complex). (True/False).
(11)According to Lugones, “world”-travel requires (A) A shift in physical location; (B) A shift in self; (C) A shift in playfulness; (D) none of the above; (E) all of the above.
(12) In Six Degrees of Separation, “the Kandinsky” is painted on (A) only one side; (B) both sides; (C) no side; (D) a ceiling.
Part Two: Short Answer. Total = 24 points
(A) Explain four of the following concepts. Use an example when appropriate. (3 points each, 12 points): The Game, The Elenchus, The Five Sexes, Family-Resemblance Concepts, The Panopticon, Intersectionality, “World”-Traveling
(B) Answer four of the following questions (3 points each, 12 points total): (1) Why does Bettcher think that electrolysis on a woman’s facial hair and the medical management of intersex infants are similar?; (2) Why does Frye deny that social constraint and gender regulation are the same as oppression?; (3) What is one argument for the claim that lesbians are not women (as provided by Hale on behalf of Wittig)?; (4) Compare and Contrast the King Model of Power and the Modern Model of Power (as discussed in Bartky); (5) Explain the point of Crenshaw’s analogy of people standing on top of each other under a ceiling; (6) Compare and Contrast loving and “agonistic” playfulness (in Lugones) How do they related to “world”-travelling?
Part Three: Longer Essays (Total = 24 points)
(A) Answer ONE the following questions (12 points):
(1) Euthyphro provides four definitions of “piety.” Explain what they are why Socrates thinks that they fail.
(2) Anderson discusses three definitions of ‘man’ and ‘woman.’ Why does she think that they fail? Are there any difficulties with Anderson’s approach? Discuss. Why does Bettcher think that the terms ‘man’ and ‘woman’ must involve some ‘cultural content’?
(B) Answer ONE of the following questions (12 points):
(3) Explain Lugones’ notion of “world”-travelling as a form of creative resistance. Explain Paul’s notion of “imagination” and Ouisa’s view that we are all “doors to other worlds.” Can Lugones’ ideas be applied to the film Six Degrees of Separation? Explain.
(4) Discuss and apply the ideas of Frye, Bartky, Crenshaw, or Lugones to this notion of “the game.” (You should discuss TWO of the above.) How do YOU fit into “the game”? In what ways are you subject to power? To oppression? To privilege? Explain.
Bonus: You may answer TWO additional questions from Part Two (for an additional six bonus points).