A Window into Learning Style and Cognitive Preference

Paragon Learning Style Inventory

Recommendations
 
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PLSI Version 48a

Recommendations for Users

1. The enclosed (PLSI) Paragon Learning Style Inventory material should only be used by professionals who have a thorough understanding of Jungian/Myers-Briggs Theory. All facilitators should read the directions for use provided in this packet.

2. The PLSI and enclosed materials will be useful for assisting learners in obtaining their 4 dimension learning style. Teacher/Facilitators will likely want to obtain more information about learning type theory and each of the 16 types. A sample of useful educational literature is enclosed, but a great deal of quality research has been done in the area of the MBTI and learning style that would be useful in your facilitation.

3. Scores obtained by the PLSI, or any other cognitive typing inventory such as the MBTI, are somewhat reliable indicators of "true type." Type should be stable over a lifetime. However, because these tests rely on human self-reporting, there will be some inaccuracy in their ability to achieve their goal. Scores are more reliable in the following cases:

bulletTest takers are comfortable and grounded in themselves. This is usually more evident with age. Scores of the very young are the least reliable.
bulletThey are thinking self-referentially and not about another's expectation of them.
bulletThey do not "out-think" the test.
bulletThey are not currently having emotional problems or under stress.
bulletThey are able to read at a 4th grade level or better.
bulletEach subsequent test tends to be more reliable than the last

4. The directions in this packet provide instructions to deal with tie scores and unclear preferences. Reliability should improve as learners have more exposure to the materials and gain more internalization of the Jungian dimensions.

5. Over emphasis of this theory and/or individual type discoveries by teaching professionals can be counter productive. This theory is just another tool to aid in understanding. Be sure not to label or reduce learners to types. Most all endeavors into learning style and cognitive preference are useful and can provide insight and empowerment of both teachers and learners, but there are potentially harmful consequences of using inventories like the PLSI.

The three major sins for facilitators of typing theory

bulletLooking at people as types and not human beings with boundless potential.
bulletUsing type to reinforce value judgments related to behavior. 
bulletUsing type to abdicate responsibility for one's actions
 
 

::Dr. John Shindler's Web::Dr. Harrison Yang's Web:: Western Alliance for the Study of School Climate::

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Last Update: October 25, 2004