A Window into Learning Style and Cognitive Preference

Paragon Learning Style Inventory

Counseling
 
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Four Dimensions
The Study
Counseling
Effective Teaching
"At Risk"
Writing Styles

Learning Style and Type Dimension Research into Student Characteristics Related to Counseling Situations:

Four Jungian Dimension Comparisons
Combinations of Note
Introvert/Reflectives

Instinct for privacy

Intra-personal sensitivity

Extroverts/Experientials

Instinct for expression

Interpersonal sensitivity

IT-most self-contained, least expressive

ES- most expressive.

EF- most vivid memory of experience. 

IN- most reflective

Sensates/Concretes

Present focus

Speak in real/practical terms

Often distrustful of therapy

Less likely to see value of psychology

Lower representation in mental health system

Intuitives/Abstracts

Future focus

Often speak in impressions

Often uncomfortably complex

More likely to see value of psychology

High representation in all areas of mental health sys.

SJ- high group affiliation 

ESTJ- high achievement w/in system.

NP-high creativity

SJ-most teachers,. 

NP-least conventional

Telling about an event:

SF-what the people did

ST-accurate order of events

NF-how it felt in general

NT-patterns and nutshells

Thinkers

Cool affect

Comfortable w/analytical realm

Appear self-contained 

Use thoughts to meet needs

Feelers

Need to promote harmony

Comfortable in affective realm

Appear approachable & accepting

Use feelings to meet needs

NF-most counselors

TJ-rigid thinking

NT-most research scientists

INT-most analytical

ET-most assertive

IF-least assertive

INT-most academic success

IT-dates the least

EF-dates the most

IT- Least group affiliated.

Judgers/Sequentials

Awareness of convention

Higher grades

May trust easy or quick "fix"

Perceivers/Randoms

Adventure/pleasure seeking

Higher test scores

May mistrust "easy" solution

EFJ-harmonizers

ESP-most drop-outs –academics

ESP least analytical

IJ-most self-directed

EP-most attuned to environment

SJ-least likely to seek counseling

NP-most prone to fantasy

By John Shindler, March, 1999 (adapted in part from research in, Manual: A guide to the development and use of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. 1992)

 

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Last Update: October 25, 2004