A Window into Learning Style and Cognitive Preference

Paragon Learning Style Inventory

Four Dimensions
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Four Dimensions
The Study
Effective Teaching
"At Risk"
Writing Styles

(the four Jungian Dimensions)

Most people fall more on one side of each of these four pairs. After taking the PLSI indicator 48 item survey, your scores likely illustrated your preference for working out of one mode or the other. Check your score with the list to confirm your preference.

(@60% of pop.)

learns best from doing
is more at ease and confident socially
likes to know how others are doing it
gets energized from socializing
readily volunteers and offers opinions
ideas start from the outside in

(@40% of pop.)

likes to watch before doing
prefers working alone or with one other
sets own standards when possible
likes quiet space to work
seems "deep" and hard to understand
ideas start from inside out

(@65% of pop.)

is more realistic and practical
is more patient and steady
uses his/her experience and common sense
likes routines and order
looks more for what is actual and sensible
lives in the here and now

(@35% of pop.)

is more imaginative and abstract
likes new challenge, works in spurts
trusts what makes sense to her/him 
dislikes routine and detail work
looks more for what is possible
lives toward her/his vision of the future

(@65% of females: 45% of males)

is more interested in people than ideas
focuses more on personal relationships
likes harmony dislikes conflict
is tuned in to others' feelings
is warm and arouses enthusiasm
makes decisions based on his/her heart

(@55% of males: 35% of females)

is more interested in fascinating ideas
wants things to be fair and reasonable
stands-up for what he/she thinks
is tuned in to logical consistency
is cool-headed and impartial in conflict
makes decisions based on rational thought

(@45% of pop.)

is more decisive than curious
likes planned and scheduled activities
has very set opinions
feels good when things are completed
likes order and organization 
may make decisions too quickly

(@55% of pop.)

is more curious than decisive
likes the spontaneous and unplanned
is flexible, adaptable, and tolerant
like to keep options open
seeks more to understand than manage things
may have trouble making up her/his mind

All of us are uniquely different and special, and all of us are the same in that we are human beings with feelings, and the ability to think and choose. But most people fall on one side or the other on each of these four categories. And while all of us are at least a little of both, the more one list seems to you to be most like you, and the higher you scored in that area of your test, the more you will probably work and be comfortable in that style.

Put all the 4 areas together and it helps you understand your preferences for learning and acting in general. All 16 combinations (or types) are just as valuable and necessary. Each contributes special gifts we all need. We require all types to make things work and balance out.

The more we can understand one another's differences the better we can understand and get along with each other.

Type Dimension Comparison

Introversion Extroversion
Withdrawing to peace Energy from . . . Immersion into action
Watching first Learn from . . . Doing first
Wait to be approached Interaction Initiate the interaction
Series on 1 on 1’s Socializing In groups
Externally reserved Expression Shows what’s going on
Inside/Autonomous Thinking Outside/Accommodating
Sensate Intuitive
Practical reality World  
Respect for what is Reality Imagine what could be
Present Time orientation Future
Experience Effectiveness comes from ... Ingenuity
What works Data for tasks What makes sense
Feeling Thinking
People Basic Value Rational
Wholes/Similarities Looking at things Patterns/Differences
Resist it Approach to Conflict Invigorated by it
Warm and readable Affect Cool and reserved
Praise and encouragement Motivation Achievement and attaining the goal
Judging Perceiving
Decisive Decision Style Open-minded
Convergent Approach to information Divergent
Linear/Sequential Cognitive Pattern Random/Circular
Clock time is valid Time General/Flexible
Completion Comfort in tasks Getting Started

::Dr. John Shindler's Web::Dr. Harrison Yang's Web:: Western Alliance for the Study of School Climate::

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Last Update: October 25, 2004