Paragon Learning Style Inventory

A Window into Learning Style and Cognitive Preference

www.calstatela.edu/plsi

www.learningstylessite.com

© Paragon Educational Consulting 2009

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 


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Teaching and Learning Preferences by Dimension

 

Teaching Style Preferences

Learning Style Preferences

I = high reliance of written materials in teaching

IJ = most inclined toward teacher-centered approach. High need for control over outcomes

ISJ = Most loyal to policies of school

IN = Most innovative with curriculum development

I = Score high on “Auditory” learner scale

I = Score high on “reflective” learner scale

I = high “internal brain arousal”

IJ = Least spontaneous

I = Tendency to internalize emotion

 

E = High comfort with noise, activity and movement

E = High reliance on verbal interactions

EJ = Type most attracted to administration

EN = Rated by students as enthusiastic

 

E =Score high on “Active Experiential” learner scale

E = Low “internal brain arousal”

ES = High involvement in sports

EP = Score high as “kinesthetic” learners

E = Like to share work when they are done

E = Tendency to externalize emotion

S = View child development as primarily a result of external factors

 

The role of the teacher is to:

ST: Set an example for students’ be a role model, and share knowledge and experience.

SF: Instruct, discipline, encourage, support, role model, and serve others.

 

Typical method of teaching is described as:

ST: Following daily routine, directing activities.

SF: Following ordered daily pattern adjusted for person-centered interactions.

N = Tend toward “right hemisphere” brain use

NP = high creativity

INJ = Highest GPAs on average

IN = Highest SAT scores on average

NJ = High goal orientation

INP = high art appreciation

NT = Writing tends to try to “explain what happened” in a general way

NF = Writing tends to emphasize their “overall reactions” and the general sense of what happened.

NT = Can “over-complexify” a task

N = View child development as primarily a result of internal factors

 

The role of the teacher is to:

NF: Encourage, inspire, provide variety and creativity, and motivate students to develop.

NT: Encourage, inspire, help students develop as citizens and persons.

 

Typical method of teaching is described as:

NF: Using a flexible pattern depending on topic and student need.

NT: Having a flexible daily routine that depends on topics and student need, with interaction based on expectations for order and learning.

 

S = Tend toward “left hemisphere” brain use

SP = Lowest Grades and SAT scores on average

S = Score high in fact retention

ISP = Score high in computer aptitude

ST = Writing tends to “practically explain” the events and chronicle the things that happened

SF = Writing tends to focus on the people involved, creating a story with a beginning, middle and end

S = Feel more comfortable when the teacher is leading the class. Low tolerance for ambiguity

 

F = High need for harmonious outcomes

EF = High affective expressiveness

 

F = Tend toward “right hemisphere” brain use

FP = “Easy going” learners

T = High need for rational outcomes

IT = Low affective expression

 

T = Tend toward “left hemisphere” brain use

TJ = Most disciplined academically

 

J = Highest need for ordered

SJ = Linear planning and teaching style

TJ = Most confident in strategic decision-making

SJ = Highest proportion of teachers by type

 

J = Score high on “Sequential” learner scale

J = Adjusts well to routine, can be bothered by unplanned changes

ESJ = tendency to operate comfortably in traditional school environment

EJ = Tend to leadership positions

P = Most spontaneous

NP = Non-linear planning and teaching style

FP = Shows a high value for individuality

STP = Lowest proportion of teachers by type

P = Score high on “Random” learner scale

P = Can be bothered by activities that stop and start, less reliance on time for structure.

P = Use more words per line in writing

INP = Tendency toward non-conformity

NP = Often prefer non-traditional learning settings

Research Compiled by Paragon Educational Consulting