Paragon Learning Style Inventory

A Window into Learning Style and Cognitive Preference

www.calstatela.edu/plsi

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Learning Style and Type Dimension Research Related to Student Characteristics in Counseling Situations

 

Four Jungian Dimension Comparisons

Combinations of Note

Introvert/Reflectives

 

Instinct for privacy

Intra-personal sensitivity

Extroverts/Experientials

 

Instinct for expression

Interpersonal sensitivity

 

  IT- most self-contained, least expressive

  ES- most expressive.

  EF- most vivid memory of experience.

  IN- most reflective

 

Sensates/Concretes

 

Present focus

Speak in real/practical terms

Often distrustful of therapy

Less likely to see value of psychology

Lower representation in mental health system

 

Intuitives/Abstracts

 

Future focus

Often speak in impressions

Often uncomfortably complex

More likely to see value of psychology

High representation in all areas of mental health system

 

  SJ- high group affiliation

  ESTJ- high achievement w/in system.

  NP- high creativity

  SJ- most teachers,

  NP- least conventional

     Telling about an event:

  SF- what the people did

  ST- accurate order of events

  NF- how it felt in general

  NT- patterns and nutshells

 

Thinkers

 

Cool affect

Comfortable w/analytical realm

Appear self-contained

Use thoughts to meet needs

 

Feelers

 

Need to promote harmony

Comfortable in affective realm

Appear approachable & accepting

Use feelings to meet needs

 

  NF- most counselors

  TJ- rigid thinking

  NT- most research scientists

  INT- most analytical

  ET- most assertive

  IF- least assertive

  INT-most academic success

  IT- dates the least

  EF- dates the most

  IT- least group affiliated.

 

 

 

Judgers/Sequentials

 

Awareness of convention

Higher grades

May trust easy or quick “fix”

Perceivers/Randoms

 

Adventure/pleasure seeking

Higher test scores

May mistrust “easy” solution

 

  EFJ- harmonizers

  ESP- most drop-outs –academics

  ESP- least analytical

  IJ- most self-directed

  EP- most attuned to environment

  SJ- least likely to seek counseling

  NP- most prone to fantasy

 

 

By John Shindler, February 2007 (adapted in part from research in Manual: A guide to the development and use of the
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. 1992)