Paragon Learning Style Inventory

A Window into Learning Style and Cognitive Preference

© Paragon Educational Consulting 2009












Learning Style and Type Dimension Research Related to Student Characteristics in Counseling Situations


Four Jungian Dimension Comparisons

Combinations of Note



Instinct for privacy

Intra-personal sensitivity



Instinct for expression

Interpersonal sensitivity


  IT- most self-contained, least expressive

  ES- most expressive.

  EF- most vivid memory of experience.

  IN- most reflective




Present focus

Speak in real/practical terms

Often distrustful of therapy

Less likely to see value of psychology

Lower representation in mental health system




Future focus

Often speak in impressions

Often uncomfortably complex

More likely to see value of psychology

High representation in all areas of mental health system


  SJ- high group affiliation

  ESTJ- high achievement w/in system.

  NP- high creativity

  SJ- most teachers,

  NP- least conventional

     Telling about an event:

  SF- what the people did

  ST- accurate order of events

  NF- how it felt in general

  NT- patterns and nutshells




Cool affect

Comfortable w/analytical realm

Appear self-contained

Use thoughts to meet needs




Need to promote harmony

Comfortable in affective realm

Appear approachable & accepting

Use feelings to meet needs


  NF- most counselors

  TJ- rigid thinking

  NT- most research scientists

  INT- most analytical

  ET- most assertive

  IF- least assertive

  INT-most academic success

  IT- dates the least

  EF- dates the most

  IT- least group affiliated.






Awareness of convention

Higher grades

May trust easy or quick “fix”



Adventure/pleasure seeking

Higher test scores

May mistrust “easy” solution


  EFJ- harmonizers

  ESP- most drop-outs –academics

  ESP- least analytical

  IJ- most self-directed

  EP- most attuned to environment

  SJ- least likely to seek counseling

  NP- most prone to fantasy



By John Shindler, February 2007 (adapted in part from research in Manual: A guide to the development and use of the
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. 1992)