Dr. Stanley M. Burstein     

Professor Emeritus

Mailing Address:

Department of History
California State University, Los Angeles
5151 State University Dr.
Los Angeles CA 90032


King Hall B4024
Phone/Voice Mail : (313) 343-2032
E-mail: sburste@calstatela.edu

Educational & Teaching Background:

B.A., M.A., Ph.D. University of California, Los Angeles

At Cal State L.A. since 1968

Fields of Specialization:


Wang Family Achievement Award in Social Science, CSU: 2004

President's Distinguished Professor Award, CSULA: 1997

Outstanding Professor Award, CSULA: 1993

President, Association of Ancient Historians: 1990-1993




“P. Michigan 281 and the Roman Occupation of Qasr Ibrim,” Proceedings of the 2004 Meroitic Congress (Paris).

“The Satrap Stela and the Struggle for Lower Nubia,” J. R. Anderson and D. A. Welsby (eds). Proceedings of the 12th International Conference for Nubian Studies, 1-6 August 2012, London. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta. Peeters Press. Leuven.

“States, Empires and Connections: Africa, Ca. 1200 BCE—Ca. 900 CE,” Cambridge History of the World, Vol. 4, Chapter 24.

“Alexander’s Unintended Legacy: Borders,” Greece, Macedon and Persia: The Social, Political and Military Problems of Conquest Societies, Ares Publishers.



Outpost of Hellenism:  The Emergence of Heraclea on the Black Sea, University of California Publications:  Classical Studies, 14 (Berkeley, 1976).

The Babyloniaca of Berossus, Sources from the Ancient Near East, Vol. 1, Fasc. 5 (Undena Press, Malibu, 1978).

Panhellenica: Essays in Ancient History and Historiography in  Honor of T.S. Brown, edited with Louis A. Okin (Coronado Press, Lawrence, Kansas, 1980).

Ancient History, Selected Reading Lists and Course Outlines from American Colleges and Universities, Vol. 1, edited with Sarah B. Pomeroy (Markus Wiener Publishing, Inc., New York, 1984).  Second edition, 1986.

The Hellenistic Age from the Battle of Ipsos to the Death of  Kleopatra VII, Translated Documents of Greece and Rome, Vol. 3 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1985).

Agatharchides of Cnidus, On the Erythraean Sea, Edited and translated, Works Issued by the Hakluyt Society, Second Series, No. 172 (The Hakluyt Society, London, 1990).

Graeco-Africana:  Studies in the History of Greek Relations with Egypt and Nubia (Aristide D. Caratzas, Publisher, New Rochelle, NY, 1995).

With D. Brendan Nagle, The Ancient World:  Readings in Social and Cultural History (Prentice Hall, 1995). Second edition, 2002. Third edition, 2005.  Fourth edition 2009.

Ancient African Civilizations:  Kush and Axum (Markus Wiener Publishers, Inc., 1998).  Second edition, 2009.

Ancient Greece:  A Political, Social, and Cultural History, with S. Pomeroy, J. Roberts and W. Donlan (Oxford University Press, 1999).  Second edition, 2008. Spanish translation, 2001.

With Bernard Lewis, Land of Enchanters: Egyptian Short Stories from the Earliest Times to the Present Day (Markus Wiener Publishers, Inc., 2001).

Ancient Greece: A Brief History, with S. Pomeroy, J. Roberts and W. Donlan (Oxford University Press, 2003).  Second edition, 2009.

The Lords of Kush (Artesian Press, 2004) (Elementary School Textbook).

The Reign of Cleopatra (Westport: Greenwood Press, 2004, paperback University of Oklahoma Press 2007).

Ancient Civilizations, with Richard Shek (Austin: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 2006) (Sixth grade textbook).

Medieval and Early Modern Times, with Richard Shek (Austin: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 2006) (Seventh grade textbook).

World History, with Richard Shek (Austin: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 2006) (Middle-school textbook).

Readings in Greek History: Sources and Interpretations, with D. Brendan Nagle (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).



The Hellenistic Period in World History, Essays on Global and Comparative History (American Historical Association, Washington, DC, 1996). Reprinted with revisions in Agricultural and Pastoral Societies in Ancient and Classical History, edited by Michael Adas (Temple University Press, 2001) 275-307.



"Menander and Politics: The Fragments of the Halieis," Panhellenica (Lawrence, Kansas, 1980) 69-76.

 "Arsinoe II: A Revisionist View," Philip II, Alexander the Great and the  Macedonian Heritage, edited by E. Borza and W. L. Adams (Washington, D.C., 1982) 197-212.

"Lysimachus the Gazophylax:  A Modern Scholarly Myth?," Ancient Coins of the Graeco-Roman World, edited by Waldemar Heckel and Richard Sullivan (Waterloo, 1984) 57-68.

 "Greek Class Structures and Relations," Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean, edited by M. Grant and R. Kitzinger (New York,1988) Vol. 1, 529-547.

"The Greek Tradition from Alexander to the End of Antiquity,"  Paths from Ancient Greece, edited by Carol G. Thomas (Leiden, 1988) 28-50.

"Berossus," Encyclopedia  Iranica, Vol. 4,2 (London, 1989) 165-166.

"Egypt and Kush," Lessons from History:  Essential Understandings and Historical Perspectives StudentsShould Acquire, The National Center for History in the Schools, UCLA (Los Angeles,1992) 202-207.

"Arms Control in Antiquity," Encyclopedia of Arms Control, edited by Richard Dean Burns (New York, 1993) Vol. 2, 551-561.

"Athena-Svart eller Kvit?," O. Andersen and T. Hägg, editors, I Skyggen av Akropolis, Skriften utgitt av Det norske institutt i Athen, No. 5, Klassisk institut (Universitet i Bergen, Bergen, 1994) 225-44.

"Egypt and the Fabrication of European Identity: Commentary," Egypt and the Fabrication of European Identity, edited by Irene A. Bierman, UCLA Near East Center Colloquium Series (Center for Near Eastern Studies, UCLA, Los Angeles, 1995) 87-95.

"Images of Egypt in Greek Historiography," Ancient Egyptian Literature:  History and Forms, edited by Antonio Lopreino, Probleme der Ägyptologie (E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1996) 591-604.

"Egypt and Greece:  Afrocentrism and Greek History," Were the Achievements of the Ancient Greece Borrowed from Africa? (Society for the Preservation of the Greek Heritage, 1997) 21-33.

"The Hellenistic Age," Ancient History: Recent Work and New Directions, Publications of the Association of Ancient Historians, 5, Directed by Carol G. Thomas (Regina, Press, 1997) 37-54.

 “Roman Egypt,” Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Roman Egypt, edited. Kathryn A. Bard (London: Routledge, 1999) 73-77.

“I.G. 13.61 and the Black Sea Grain Trade,” Text and Tradition: Studies in Greek History and Historiography in Honor of Mortimer Chambers, edited by Ronald Mellor and Lawrence Tritle (Regina Press, 1999) 93-104.

“Cleitarchus in Jerusalem: A Note on the Book of Judith,” The Eye Expanded: Life and the Arts in Greco-Roman Antiquity, edited by Frances B. Tichener and Richard F. Morton, Jr. (University of California Press, 1999) 105-112.

 “The Origins of the Napatan State in Classical Sources,” Studien zum antiken Sudan: Akten der 7. Internationalen Tagung für meroitische Forschungen vom 14. Bis 19. September 1992 in Gosen/bei Berlin, S edited by steffen Wenig (Harrasowitz Verlag, 1999) 118-126.

“The Legacy of Alexander,” Encarta Reference Suite 2000 (Electronic).

“The Kingdom of Meroe,” Africa and Africans in Antiquity, edited by Edwin M. Yamauchi (Michigan State University Press, 2001) 132-158.

"Le relazioni dei Greci con Kush e Aksum,” I Greci (Giulio Einaudi Editore, 2001) 3, 471-498.

“A Contested History: Egypt, Greece, and Afrocentrism,” Current Issues and the Study of Ancient History, Publications of the Association of Ancient Historians (Regina Press, 2002) 9-30.

Kush, “Axum and the Ancient Indian Ocean Trade,” T. A. Bacs (ed.), A Tribute to Excellence. Studies Offered in Honor of Erno Gaál, Ulrich Luft, Lázló Török, Studia Aegyptiaca XVII (Budapest 2002) 127-137.

“Greek Identity in the Hellenistic Age,” Crossroads of Empire, L. Tritle and W. Heckel (eds.), (Claremeont: Regina Press, 2003) 217-242.  Reprinted in Katerina Zacheria (ed.), Hellenisms: Culture, Identity, and Ethnicity from Antiquity to Modernity (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008) 59-78.

“From Blameless Ethiopians to Faithless Blemmyes: Nonracial Stereotypes in Greek and Roman Accounts of Kush,” Race and Identity in the Nile Valley: Ancient and Modern Perspectives, C. Fleur-Lobban and K. Rhodes (eds.), (Trention: Africa World Press/Red Sea Press, 2004) 71-85.

“Rome and Kush: A New Interpretation,” Nubian Studies 1998, Timothy Kendall (editor), (Boston: North Eastern University Press, 2004) 13-23.

“The Greek Cities of the Black Sea,” A Companion to Classical Greek World, Konrad Kinzl (ed.) (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, Ltd., 2006) 137-152.

“The Gardener became King or Did He?: the Case of Abdalonymus  of Sidon,” Alexander’s Empire: From Formulation to Decay, W. Heckel and P. Wheatley (eds.) (Claremont: Regina Press, 2007) 139-149.

“Trogodytes=Blemmyes=Beja?: The Misuse of Ancient Ethnography,” The Archaeology of Mobility: Old Wold and New World Nomadism, Hans Barnard and Willeke Wendrich (eds.),  (Los Angeles: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, 2008) 250-363.

“Elephants for Ptolemy II: Ptolemaic Policy in Nubia in the Third Century BC” in: Ptolemy II Philadelphus and his World, Ed. Paul McKechne & Philippe Guillaume, Mnemosyne Supplement 300 (Leiden: Brill, 2008) 135-146.

“Alexander’s Organization of Egypt: A Note on the Career of Cleomenes of Naucratis,” Macedonian Legacies: papers on Macedonian culture and history in honor of Eugene N. Borza. Ed. Tim Howe and Jeanne Reames (Claremont: Regina Books, 2009) 183-194.

"A Peltast Among Hoplites: Ernst Badian and Athenian History," The Legacy of Ernst Badian, Association of Ancient Historians, 33-49.



"The Recall of the Ostracized and the Themistocles Decree,"California Studies  in Classical Antiquity, 4 (1971) 93-110.

"The War between Heraclea Pontica and Leucon I of Bosporus," Historia, 23  (1974) 401-416.

"Sceptre or Thunderbolt:  Plutarch, Moralia 338B," California Studies  in  Classical  Antiquity, 7 (1974) 89-92.

"Alexander, Callisthenes and the Sources of the Nile," Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies, 17 (1976) 135-146.

"Fragment 53 of Callisthenes and the Text of Iliad 2.850-855," Classical Philology, 71 (1976) 339-341.

"IG II2 561 and the Court of Alexander IV," Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik,  24 (1977) 223-225.

"The Date of the Athenian Victory over Pleistarchus," Classical World, 71  (1977) 128-129.

"IG II2 1485A and Athenian Relations with Lysimachus," Zeitschrift  für Papyrologie und  Epigraphik, 31 (1978) 181-185.

"IG II2 653, Demosthenes and Athenian Relations with Bosporus in the Fourth Century  B.C.," Historia, 27 (1978) 428-436.

"Heraclea Pontica: The City and Subjects," The Ancient World, 2  (1979) 25-28.

"The Nubian Campaigns of C. Petronius and G. Reisner's Second Meroitic Kingdom  of Napata, Zeitschrift für Ägyptischesprache  und Altertumskunde, 106 (1979)  95-105.

"Lysimachus and the Greek Cities of Asia:  The Case of Miletus," The  Ancient World,  3 (1980) 73-79.

"Bithys, Son of Cleon from Lysimachia:  A Reconsideration of the Date and Significance  of IG II2, 808," California Studies in Classical  Antiquity, 12 (1980) 39-50.

"The Aftermath of the Peace of Apamaea:  Rome and the Pontic War," American Journal of  Ancient History, 5 (1980) 1-12.

"Herodotus and the Emergence of Meroe," Journal of the Society for  the Study of Egyptian Antiquities, 11 (1981) 1-5.

"Axum and the Fall of Meroe," Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, 18  (1981) 47-50.

"Two Inscribed Dedications in the J. Paul Getty Museum," Journal of the J. Paul Getty Museum, 9 (1981) 99-100.

"Ancients Help Historians," Coin World International, December 23, 1982, p. 64.

"The Tomb of Philip II and the Succession of Alexander the Great," Classical Views,  26 (1982) 141-163.  Reprinted in Joseph Roisman, Alexander the Great:  Ancient and Modern Perspectives (D. C. Heath, Lexington, MA, 1995) 40-49. 

"The Axumite Inscription from Meroe and Late Meroitic Chronology, Meroitica, 7 (1984) 220-221.

"Callisthenes and Babylonian Astronomy: A Note on FGrH 124 T3," Classical Views, 28 (1984) 71-74.

"A New Tabula Iliaca in the J. Paul Getty Museum: The Vasek Polak Chronicle," Journal of the J. Paul Getty Museum," 12 (1984)  153-162. 

"Psamtek I and the End of Nubian Domination in Egypt," Journal of the  Society for theStudy of Egyptian Antiquities, 14 (1985) 31-34.

"The Ethiopian War of Ptolemy V:  An Historical Myth?," Beiträge zur Sudanforschung, 1 (1986) 17-23.

"Lysimachus and the Cities: The Early Years," The Ancient World, 14  (1986) 19-24.

"Lysimachus and the Cities: A Problem in Interpretation," Ancient Macedonia, 4 (1986) 133-138.

Cornelius Gallus and Aethiopia," The Ancient History Bulletin, 2 (1988) 16-20.

"Kush and the External World: A Comment," Meroitica, 10 (1989) 226-230.

"SEG 33.802 and the Alexander Romance," Zeitschrift für Papyrologie  und Epigraphik, 77 (1989) 275-276.

"Hellenistic Culture: Recent Resources: 1960-1989," Choice, 27 (1990) 1634-1643.

"Pharaoh Alexander: A Scholarly Myth?," Ancient Society, 22 (1991) 139-145.

"Hecataeus of Abdera's History of Egypt," Life in a Multi-Cultural Society:  Egypt from Cambyses to Constantine , Edited by Janet H. Johnson, SAOC No. 51 (Univ. of Chicago Press, 1992) 45-49. 

"An Elephant for Anastasius," Ancient History Bulletin, 6 (1992) 55-57.

"The Origins of the Athenian Privileges at Bosporus: a Reconsideration," Ancient History Bulletin, 7 (1993) 81-83.

"The Hellenistic Fringe: The Case of Meroe," Hellenistic History and Culture, Edited by Peter Green (Univ. of California Press, 1993)38-54.

"Introducing Kush: A Mini-Guide to An Ancient African Kingdom," Social Studies Review, 33,1 (1993)  22-30.

"Sayce's Axumite Inscription from Meroe: Observations on a New Edition," Meroitic Newsletter, No. 25 (September 1994) 39-43.

"The Challenge of Black Athena: An Interim Assessment," Ancient History Bulletin, 8 (1994) 11-17.

"Truesdell Sparhawk Brown," The Biographical Dictionary of North American Classicists (Greenwood Press, Westport, CT,1994) 66-68.

"Greece, Rome, and the American Republic," Laetaberis:  The Journal of the California Classical Association, NS 10 (1993-94) 1-24.  Reprinted with revisions in The History Teacher, 30 (1996) 29-44 under the title "The Classics and the American Republic".

"Alexander in Egypt: Continuity of Change?," Achaemenid History, 8 (1994) 381-387.

"Greek Contact with Egypt and the Levant:  Ca.  1600-500 BC. An Overview," The Ancient World, 27 (1996) 20-28.

"Ivory and Ptolemaic Exploration of the Red Sea:  The Missing Factor," Topoi, 6 (1996) 799-807.

"Meroë," Calliope (November/December, 1996) 13-16.

"The Debate over Black Athena," Scholia, 5 (1996) 3-16.

"Paccius Maximus: A Greek Poet in Nubia or a Nubian Greek Poet," Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Nubian Studies, Lille: 1994, CRIPEL, 17/3 (1998) 47-52.

"The Roman Withdrawal from Nubia: A New Interpretation," Symbolae Osloenses, 73 (1998) 125-132.

"Afrocentrism and the Greeks: A Contested History," The History Teacher, 31 (1998) 403-404.

“The New AP World History Course: How Will it Compare with College World History Courses?,” The History Teacher, 32 (1999) 283-288.

“The New California History-Social Science Standards in World History: How do They Measure Up?,” Social Studies Review, 38,2 (1999) 18-19.

“Word-Order Transference between Latin and Greek: The Relative Position of the Accusative Direct Object and the Governing Verb in Cassius Dio and Other Greek and Roman Prose Authors,” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, 99 (1999) 357-390 (Member of coauthor team).

 “Ptolemaic Exploration and Hellenistic Ethnography,” The Ancient World, 31 (2000) 31-37.

 “A Soldier and His God in Lower Nubia: The Mandulis Hymns of Paccius Maximus,” Graeco-Arabica, 7-8 (1999-2000) 45-50.

 “The Origins of the Napatan State in Classical Sources,” Meroitica, 15 (2000) 118-126.

“A New Kushite Historiography: Three Recent Contributions to Nubian Studies,” Symbolae Osloenses, 75 (2000) 190-197.

 “Prelude to Alexander: The Reign of Khababash,” The Ancient History Bulletin, 14 (2000) 149-154.

 “Rome and Kush: A New Interpretation,” Nubian Studies 1998 (electronic).

 “Current Trends in Ancient History in American Schools,” The Occasional Papers of the American Philological Association’s Committee on Ancient History, 1 (2002) 1-12 (electronic).

“Aithiopia: The Southern Periphery of the Graeco-Roman World,” Ancient West & East, 1 (2002) 55-58.

“The Date of Amage, Queen of the Sarmatians: A Note on Polyaenus, Strategemata 8.56,” Ancient West & East, 1 (2002) 173-177.

“Three Milestones in the Historiography of Ancient Nubia: Review Article,” Symbolae Osloenses, 78 (2003) 137-141.

“History in the Age of Standards,” Social Studies Review, 43 (2004) 5-7.

Stanley Burstein, Frank M. Snowden, Jr. Lectures, Howard University, “When Greek was an African Language, http://chs.harvard.edu/publications.sec/online_print_books.ssp/frank_m._snowden_jr.. Center for Hellenic Studies, Washington, DC. August, 2006

“Silko’s Bad Conscience: A New Interpretation of the Silko Inscription (FHN 317),” Acta Nubica: Proceedings of the X International Conference of Nubian Studies Rome 9-14 September 2002, Isabella Caneva and Alessandro Roccati (eds.), Rome, 2006, 447-450.

“Ancient History and the Challenge of World History, Syllecta Classsica 18 (2007) 225-240.

“When Greek was an African Language: The Role of Greek Culture in Ancient and Medieval Culture,” Journal of World History 19 (2008) 41-61. Revised version of the Snowden Lecture.

“The Origin of the Utopian Alphabet: A Suggestion,” Notes & Queries 56 (2009) 26-27.

“Another Nubian Prince in Constantinople: New Light on the Last Days of Meroë,” Beiträge zur Sudanforschung, 10 (2009) 5-8.

“Hecataeus of Miletus and the Greek Encounter with Egypt,” Ancient West & East, 8 (2009) 133-146.

“New Light on the Fate of Greek in Ancient Central and South Asia,” Ancient West & East, 9 (2010) 181-192.

“Changing Greek Views of Achaemenid Persia in the Classical Period,” Nam-ye Iran-E Bastan: The International Journal of Ancient Iranian Studies, 10 (2010-2011) 3-14.

“Whence the Women?: The Origin of the Bactrian Greeks,” Ancient West & East, 11 (2012) 1-8.

"Agatharchides of Cnidus, On the Erythrean Sea F 20: A Note on the History of Cavalry in Kush,” Beiträge zur Sudanforschung, 11 (2012): 15-19.

"An Egyptian Source of Tacitus' Sarapis Narrative (Histories 4.84)," Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 183 (2012) 37-38.

"Go-Betweens and The Greek Cities of the Black Sea," World History Connected 10, 2 (2013 [electronic]).


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